FINNISH SECURITY AND DEFENCE POLICY 2001


Report by the Government to Parliament on 13 June 2001

VNS 2/2001 vp

ISBN 951-53-2328-2

Contents


SUMMARY

SECTION I: THE SECURITY ENVIRONMENT AND FINLAND'S POLICY

1. SECURITY ENVIRONMENT
1.1 International developments
1.2 The challenge of conflict prevention and crisis management
1.3 International security cooperation
1.4 Defence policy and military development
1.5 Security and defence in northern Europe and the Baltic Sea region

2. FINLAND'S SECURITY AND DEFENCE POLICY
2.1 Security and defence policy instruments
2.2 Requirements of military defence and crisis management


SECTION II: DEVELOPING FINLAND'S DEFENCE

1. MILITARY DEFENCE
1.1 Finland's defence solution
1.2 Military defence resources

2. STRUCTURAL CHANGES IMPLEMENTED IN THE DEFENCE FORCES UP TO 2001

2.1 Objective of the structural changes
2.2 Structural changes implemented up to 2001

3. FINLAND'S DEFENCE SYSTEM 2001-2008
3.1 Defence system development
3.2 Developing the Defence Forces command and control system
3.3 Developing each of the services
3.4 Developing war economy arrangements and logistics
3.5 The Defence Forces in peacetime

4. COOPERATION OF THE DEFENCE FORCES WITH VARIOUS AUTHORITIES


SECTION III: INTERNATIONAL CRISIS MANAGEMENT

1. INTRODUCTION

2. MILITARY CRISIS MANAGEMENT
2.1 Principles and capacity for participating in crisis management
2.2 Participation in peacekeeping operation
2.3 Cooperation in military crisis management
2.4 Development of military crisis management capacity
2.5 Civil-military cooperation

3. CIVILIAN CRISIS MANAGEMENT
3.1 General
3.2 Priorities in civilian crisis management
3.3 Development needs


SECTION IV: PRECAUTIONARY MEASURES AND COMBATING THREATS TO SOCIETY

1. BACKGROUND

2. INTERNAL SECURITY
2.1 Public order and security
2.2 Protecting the population
2.3 Border surveillance and movement of people

3. SECURITY OF SUPPLIES

3.1 Effects of the operating environment
3.2 Revising the decision on the aims of ensuring security of supplies
3.3 Food supply
3.4 Energy supply
3.5 Transport, storage and distribution systems
3.6 Information systems
3.7 Social and health care
3.8 Finland's defence industry

4. IMPROVING PRECAUTIONARY MEASURES

4.1 Drawing up a strategy for national precautionary measures
4.2 Other areas of development



ANNEXES

Annex 1 Defence expanditure of EU countries and Norway (FIM billion)

Annex 2 Implementation of the structural change in 1997-2000

Annex 3 The principle applied in developing the performance of the Defence Forces

Annex 4 The most commonly used abbreviations, concepts and their definitions


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